|The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of continental Europe. The country includes the island of Great Britain (a term sometimes loosely applied to the whole state), the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.|
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles are separated from European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel.
The flag of the United Kingdom (the Union Jack) consists of three crosses. The big red cross is the cross of Saint George, the patron saint of England. The white cross is the cross of Saint Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. The red diagonal cross is the cross of Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland.
The capital of the UK is London. It is about two thousand years old. Now London is one of the biggest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe.
The UK consists of four main parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. England is in the southern and central part of Great Britain. It is the richest, most fertile and most populated part of the country. London is the capital of England.
Scotland is the most mountainous region with the highest peak, Ben Nevis.
The capital of Wales is Cardiff. Wales is a country of lakes. In Wales people speak English and Welsh. Welsh is very different from English.
Great Britain is rich in world-famous places. Certainly among them there are famous university cities Oxford and Cambridge, Shakespeare’s birthplace - Stratford-upon-Avon, Hide Park, The tower of London, the Palace of Westminster and etc.
Traditions play the most important role in the life of the people than in other countries. The best examples are their Queen, money system, their weights and measures. Englishmen are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them.
There is prehistoric monument in Great Britain which is as interesting as Egyptian pyramids. This is Stonehenge. Stones stand here in circles. Scientists think that Stonehenge was built to calculate the annual calendar and seasons.